View Ibnu Tufail Research Papers on for free. Ibn Tufayl or Ibn Tufail (c – ), full name: Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Muhammad ibn Tufail al-Qaisi al-Andalusi أبو. Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Tufail (also known by a Latinized version of his name, Abubacer Aben Tofail, –85 AD) was an Andalusian.

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Ibn Tufail is best known for Hayy Ibn Yaqzan The Living Son of the Vigilant, literally “Alive son of Awake”a philosophical romance about the relationship between philosophy and religion.

Ibu title is taken from the name of the main character, Hayy Ibn Yaqzan. The methods of al-Ghazali and Ibn Tufail are both partially the same, but, unlike the former, the latter’s ecstasy is marked by a Neo-Platonic strain.

Chapter Ibn Tufail | A History of Muslim Philosophy Volume 1, Book 3 |

In an effort to find out the reason for the deer’s death, a reason which he could not locate by observing her appearance, he dissected her with sharp stones and dry reeds.

Elevated to pure knowledge, they would waver and fall headlong and make a bad end. This is one of the most challenging problems of Muslim philosophy. Philosophers were of the opinion that he was born spontaneously when innu mixture of elements reached an equilibrium state, making it possible for this mixture to receive a human soul from the divine world.

Hayy ultimately comes into contact with civilization and religion when he meets a castaway named Absal. Traditionalists believed that he was the son of a woman who chose to keep her marriage to her relative, Yaqzan, secret from tufajl brother who ruled a neighbouring island and did not find any man qualified to marry his sister.

The Philosophy of ibn Tufail and His Treatise the Self-Taught Philosopher

Familiarizing ourselves with figures like Aeschylus’ Prometheus, Plato’s Socrates, Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy ibn Yaqzan, Rousseau’s ‘natural man,’ and Shelley’s Frankenstein, we will aim to uncover this tension between the human urge to pursue godlike power or knowledge and the human need to remain within the confines of our material conditions. The first English translation by Simon Ockley was published in The first English translation by Simon Ockley was published in Using human language, which is described as an inadequate instrument, to hint at the truth Hayy is said to have witnessed in this state, the necessary being is said to pervade the universe as sunlight pervades the physical world.


Such a hypothesis, however, is untenable on inductive grounds, for the supposed form or soul is not open to direct observation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It aims, more or less, at a uniform betterment of the masses in general, ignoring the individual differences in ability and inner light.

By knowledge of the necessary being, Hayy sought to imitate this being’s positive attributes; by an attempt to transcend the physical world, he sought to imitate the negative ones. A Latin translation of the work, entitled Philosophus Autodidactusfirst appeared inprepared by Edward Pococke the Younger. Observation shows him that body is a common factor in all the objects, but ibmu belong to different classes because of the functions peculiar to them.

Religion is not so tufall in its dictates. The story also seeks to show that, while religious truth is the same as that of philosophy, the former is conveyed through symbols, which are suitable for the understanding of the multitude, and the latter is conveyed in its inner meanings apart from any symbolism. Each of these classes of bodies exhibits certain specific functions, which lead us to postulate specific forms or souls like Aristotle as the cause of the functions peculiar to the bodies of different classes.

Request removal from index. These, too, have been borrowed from Ibn Sina’s tale of Salaman wa Absalof which we know only through Tusi’s paraphrase in his commentary on Isharat. Retrieved from ” https: Help Center Find new research papers in: Verification requires direct experience. However, Hayy could not understand why Absal’s religion resorted to symbols and permitted indulgence in material things.

Ibnu Tufail

The scientific version of his spontaneous birth, he owes entirely to Ibn Sina. Therefore no explanation of necessary being can be given, only mere signs, as Ibn Sina contends in al-Isharat wa-‘l-tanbihat Remarks and Admonitions. After his discovery of life, he came across a fire. The second imitation demands of him cleanliness in dress and body, kindness to animate and inanimate objects, contemplation of the divine essence and revolving round one’s own essence in ecstasy.


Of Hayy’s birth in an uninhabited island, Ibn Tufail relates two versions. The “Way of Reason” translated by Pavlos Kalligas]. The light of the sun falling on a looking-glass and from there passing into another, and so on, gives an appearance of plurality.

Tufail Salik – – Pakistan Philosophical Journal Examining the writings of philosophers, ascetics, poets, and saints, he locates virtue ethics within a dynamic moral tradition.

The story of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan takes place on an equatorial island uninhabited by human beings. Hayy understood then that such people are incapable of grasping the direct truth and that religion is necessary for their social stability and protection.

Should it be attributed to a change in His nature? On the express desire of the Caliph, he advised Ibn Bajjah to annotate the works of Aristotle, a task that had been taken up zealously by Ibn Bajjah but had remained unfinished to the time of his death.

He introduced in the West orthodox scholasticism of al-Ghazali and exhorted people to observe the Zahirite Fiqh. Since people have different capacities of understanding that require the use of different instruments, there is no point in trying to convey the truth to people except through means suitable for their understanding.

It included a framework for a natural classification of the sciences, a discussion of spontaneous generation, and miscellaneous scientific information.

De Angelo — A. Al-Ghazali, true to his theologico-mystical position, takes ecstasy as the means to see God, but to Ibn Tufail, the philosopher, the beatific vision reveals the active intellect and the Neo-Platonic chain of causes reaching down to the elements and back to itself.

While ibbnu mystical experience is not in doubt see al-Ghazalinone of his works on mystical knowledge are said to have reached the author. As a rationalist he sides with Ibn Bajjah against al-Ghazali and qualifies mysticism with rationalism; as a mystic he sides with al-Ghazali against Ibn Bajjah and qualifies rationalism with mysticism.