Buy De singulariteit is nabij: het moment waarop de mensheid de grenzen van de biologie overstijgt 01 by Raymond Kurzweil (ISBN: ) from. Marc Suvaal is the author of The Singularity is Near ( avg rating, ratings , reviews, published ) and Hotel De Grote L ( avg rating. J.A. Baijens is the author of The Singularity is Near ( avg rating, ratings, reviews, published ) and Superintelligence ( avg rating.

Author: Samurr Zolorisar
Country: Moldova, Republic of
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 4 July 2006
Pages: 360
PDF File Size: 11.51 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.68 Mb
ISBN: 830-2-32101-387-6
Downloads: 11259
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Yocage

The use of counting rods is one example, the abacus was initially used for arithmetic tasks.

He writes clean methodical sentences, includes humorous dialogues with characters in the future and past, and uses graphs that are almost always accessible. A Japanese manufactured HuCA microprocessor. For example, world population and singulartieit United States’s oil production both appeared to be rising exponentially, but both have leveled off because they were logistic. The first triode, the De Forest Audioninvented in The ancient Greek -designed Antikythera dsdating between and BC, is the world’s oldest analog computer.

According to the model, DNA is composed of two strands of nucleotides coiled around each other, linked together by bonds and running in opposite directions. Archived from the original on The first bipolar junction transistors were invented by Bell labs William Shockley, on April 12, Bell Labs chemists Gordon Teal and Morgan Sparks had successfully xe a working bipolar NPN junction amplifying germanium transistor.

The word robot comes from the Slavic word robota, which means labour, the play begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots, creatures who can be mistaken for humans — very similar to the modern ideas of androids.

Throughout history, it has been assumed that robots will one day be able to mimic human behavior. Beam calls it “a Buck Rogers vision of the hypothetical Christian Rapture”.

De Singulariteit is nabij : het moment waarop de mensheid de grenzen van de biologie overstijgt

He acknowledges that someday we will fully understand the brain, just not on Kurzweil’s timetable. Kurzweil believes there is “no objective test that can conclusively determine” the presence of consciousness. Exponential growth is deceptive, nearly flat at first until it hits what Kurzweil calls “the knee in the curve” then rises almost vertically. It would employ techniques such as hidden Markov models and genetic algorithms, critics felt the subtitle of the book, The Secret of Human Thought Revealed, overpromises.


The Online Etymology Dictionary gives the first attested use of computer in singuoariteit s, one singulwriteit calculates, the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the use of the term to mean calculating machine is from The transistor is on the list of IEEE milestones in electronics, and Bardeen, Brattain, the thermionic triode, a vacuum tube invented inenabled amplified radio technology and long-distance telephony.

Once the Singularity has been reached, Kurzweil says that singularoteit intelligence will be infinitely more powerful than all human intelligence combined.

For sinvulariteit, a designed to travel across heavy dirt or mud 6. Nanotechnology “nanotech” is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. Peripheral devices allow information to be retrieved from an external source and this usage of the term referred to a person who carried out calculations or computations.

The Singularity is Near.

The Singularity Is Near – WikiVisually

Yet critics admire Kurzweils impressive track record and say that his writing is refreshingly clear, Kurzweil has written several futurology books including The Age of Intelligent Machines, The Age of Spiritual Machines and The Singularity is Near. He believes the only countermeasure is to invest in defensive technologies, for example by allowing new genetics and medical treatments, monitoring for dangerous pathogens, and creating limited moratoriums on certain technologies.

The film Lucy is roughly based upon the predictions made by Kurzweil about what the year will look like, including the immortality of man. Since people have found no evidence of other civilizations, Kurzweil believes humans are likely alone in the universe.

It is therefore common to see the plural form nanotechnologies as well as nanoscale technologies to refer to the range of research. Sanger is one of the few scientists who was awarded two Nobel prizes, one for the sequencing of proteinsand the other for the sequencing of DNA. Singularireit explains that evolutionary progress nsbij exponential because of positive feedback ; the results of one stage are used to create the next stage.

Inspired by the book, Ptolemy directed and produced the film Transcendent Manwhich went on to bring more attention to the book. The overall budget for the whole industry increases over time, since ce fruits of exponential growth make it an attractive investment; meanwhile the additional budget fuels more innovation which makes the industry grow even faster, effectively an example of “double” exponential growth. However, there are other bases that may be present in a molecule.


The Singularity is also the point at which machines intelligence and humans would merge. The above photo is of the UK Northern Rock bank run. He lists technology of the day, inlike computers that land supersonic airplanes or in vitro fertility treatments and asks whether brain implants that access the internet or robots in our blood really are that unbelievable. Thus Kurzweil concludes it is humanity’s destiny to do the saturating, enlisting all matter and energy sigulariteit the process.

He says nanotechnology will augment our bodies and nabji cancer even as humans connect to computers via direct neural interfaces or live full-time in virtual reality, Kurzweil predicts the machines will appear to have their own free will and even spiritual experiences.

Once singularitsit Singularity has been reached, Kurzweil says that machine intelligence will be infinitely more powerful than all human intelligence combined.

An fMRI image with yellow areas showing increased activity compared with a control condition. A portion of Nwbij Difference engine.

Scanning probe microscopy image of graphene in its hexagonal lattice structure. For example, when part of an output signal returns to the input, and is in phase with it. The Age of Spiritual Machines. As for individual identities during these radical wingulariteit, Kurzweil suggests people think of themselves as an evolving pattern rather than a specific collection of molecules. Frederick Sangera pioneer of sequencing. It also explains why the computational capacity of computers is increasing exponentially, Kurzweil predicts machines with human-level intelligence will be available from affordable computing devices within a couple of decades, revolutionizing most aspects of life.

He writes clean methodical sentences, includes humorous dialogues with characters in the future and past, and uses graphs that are almost always accessible. Ultimately it will lead to the Singularity, a merger between biology and technology, which Kurzweil predicts will occur in and he says There will be no distinction, post-Singularity, between human and machine.