Henri Bergson ( – ) introduced new life to French philosophy, Duration and Simultaneity deals with one of the great Bergsonian themes, time. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant. Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about.

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The force of these needs is the source of the closed morality. Immediately on parting, S’ contracts in the direction of its motion. It is easy to say now that the magnitude of the effect was immaterial and that it should have been realized that logically an infinitesimal difference in rate of aging was just as fatal to the relativity postulate as a berson large one. The duration is that to qnd everything is related and in this sense it is absolute.

In fact, getting away from ponderable bdrgson, what would not my predicament be with regard to light, and, more generally, electromagnetic events, had my space and time dimensions re- mained as they were! Alcan,pp. How do we first pass from the unfolding to the unfolded, from pure duration to measurable time?

An observer with P will therefore consider that the light has traveled further than an observer with Q, and will therefore accord it a higher velocity than the second observer unless the observers allot different times to the arrival of the pulse at B.

J. Merleau-Ponty, Bergson . – Duration And Simultaneity – PhilPapers

But it does not halt. Here he argues that this obstacle consists in the idea of disorder. We lose the characteristic of continuity or unity since the spectrum has colors juxtaposed. Now we shall no doubt show how the readings of two separated clocks C and C, synchronized and showing the same time, are or are not simultaneous according to one’s point of view.

In defiance of the Nazis after their conquest of France, Bergson insisted on wearing a yellow star to show his solidarity with other French Jews. Now, our inner duration, considered from the first to the last moment of our conscious life, is something like this melody. Closed morality and static religion are concerned with social cohesion.

Bergson’s concept of multiplicity attempts to unify in a consistent way two contradictory features: Bergson died on January 3, at the age of Because a qualitative multiplicity is heterogeneous and yet interpenetrating, it cannot be adequately represented by a symbol; indeed, for Bergson, a qualitative multiplicity is inexpressible. Bergson, Henri ; Durie, Robin ed. The very few writers who adopt Einstein’s procedure seem to me to have misunderstood it; they amplify it in a way which Einstein refrained from attempting and which I believe he would have regarded as invalid.


Nevertheless, Bergson argues, there is a certain form of finalism that would adequately account for the creation of life while allowing for the diversity resulting from creation. It is, of course, necessary to abide by the choice of the motionless system once made and to treat the others accordingly. Colors would prob- ably appear differently to us if our eye and our consciousness were differently formed; nonetheless there would always be something unshakably real which physics would continue to resolve into elementary vibrations.

They stem from an ambiguity.

Henri Bergson

Judith Wambacq – – Studia Phaenomenologica Bergson was born in Paris on October 18, ; he skmultaneity the second of seven children of a Polish Father and English mother; both of his parents were Jewish.

It is only by leaping into intuition that the ultimate unity of mental life appears, for, just as Bergson showed against Zeno, that mobility cannot be reconstructed out of immobility.

What will help us understand this image is the idea of my character. Whereas More spoke as a metaphysician, Descartes indicated the point of view of sci- ence with lasting precision. As the result of motion, a longer drawn-out, expanded time comes to slmultaneity the spatial interval between two positions of the clock hand.

An Introduction to Metaphysicspage We observe only interference fringes, which keep a constant position throughout. Kant’s moral philosophy has its source in such needs. The Maxwell-Lorentz theory, however, demanded a static ether with respect to which a moving body would exhibit different phenomena from a resting one.

Only the stationary observer is aware of them. This page was last edited on 18 Octoberat Instantaneity thus involves two things, sikultaneity continuity of simultaneitg time, that is, duration, and a spatialized time, that is, a line which, described by a motion, has thereby become symbolic of time.

The image of the inverted cone occurs twice in the third chapter of Matter and Memory pp. When the Maxwell-Lorentz theory is presupposed, only two explanations are possible: We shall see the significance of this later.

This is entirely equivalent to the example that Einstein himself took at the beginning berbson his duratipn paper on the subject 10 to show what he meant by his postulate of relativity, namely, that in all cases of relative motion the phenomena wimultaneity are the same whichever body is moved, although the 10 “Electrodynamik bewegter Korper,” Annalen der Physik, XVII Presses Universitaire de France.


Bergson developed his philosophy by stressing the biological and evolutionary elements involved in thinking, reasoning, and dufation. Insofar as time had spatial qualities he was willing for it to be spatialized, and so he failed to see the inherent contradictions in the special relativity theory that bergon have made it unnecessary for him to defend his phi- losophy against it.

In fact, however, there is no experimental evidence at all for the theory; all that appears to support it does so through a circular argument. How could some duraation of intelligence have the power to train the will?

The benefit of this image is that it presents a continuity of experiences without juxtaposition. It will therefore be so again for the duration of the single trip computed by this new procedure with two clocks: But, as soon as a physicist regards the relativity of motion as radical, he has to try to envisage accelerated motion as relative.

To berfson degree never previously attained, the material future of the world is in the hands of a small body of men, on whose not merely superficially appar- ent but absolute, intuitive in Bergson’s sense of the word integrity the fate of all depends, and that quality is lacking. There are experimental grounds for believing that he will at once observe a shift of the spectrum line the “Doppler ef- fect”.

The attempt to understand that will take us very deep into the heart of the theory itself and show us that, notwithstanding its extreme ingenuity and its appar- ent success over many decades, it is nevertheless untenable bergon, moreover, could have been seen to be so at the very beginning. These images then insure strict obedience to the closed morality. We may perhaps feel averse to the use of the word “con- sciousness” if an anthropomorphic sense is attached to it- But to imagine a thing that endures, there is no need to take one’s own memory and transport it, even attenuated, into the interior of the thing.