There were 16 mahajanapadas / kingdoms which are mentioned in the ancient literature and scriptures. It must be noted here that these sixteen. Many prominent ancient Buddhist texts make frequent references to the ’16 great kingdoms’ (mahajanapadas) that flourished between the sixth. Find 16 Mahajanapadas map, refers to sixteen great nations exist before the start of Buddhism in India.

Author: Mazuhn Akibei
Country: Seychelles
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 5 December 2017
Pages: 331
PDF File Size: 9.95 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.24 Mb
ISBN: 123-5-95228-545-1
Downloads: 70076
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kaganos

Gandhara was often linked politically with the neighboring mqhajanapadas of Kashmir and Kamboja. The Mahajanapadas were a set of sixteen kingdoms that existed in ancient India from the sixth to fourth centuries BCE.

They are called Vasishthas Vasetthas in the Mahapparnibbana Suttanta. XIII also attest that the Kambojas followed republican constitution.

The trans-Hindukush branch of the Kambojas remained pure Iranian but a large section of the Kambojas of cis-Hindukush appears to have come under Indian cultural influence.

The Kambojas are known to have had both Iranian as well as Indian affinities [50] [51] There is evidence that the Kambojas used a republican form of government from Epic times. All efforts have been made to make this mahajwnapadas accurate. Taksashila and Pushkalavatithe two cities of this Mahajanapada, are said to have been named after Taksa and Pushkara, the two sons of Bharataa prince of Ayodhya.

On the east, its territory probably extended up to the forests along the banks of the rivers, Koshi and Mahananda.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

The Vajji state is indicated to have been a republic. The Chedis, Chetis or Chetyas had two distinct settlements of which one was in the mountains of Nepal and the other in Bundelkhand near Kausambi. During Buddha’s time, its boundaries included Anga. The 6thβ€”5th century BCE is often mahajanapadaz as a major turning point in 116 Indian history; it saw the emergence of India’s first large cities after the demise of the Indus Valley Civilizationas well as the rise of sramana movements including Buddhism and Jainism which challenged the religious orthodoxy of the Vedic Period.


It must be noted here that these sixteen mahajanapasas were in existence before the rise of Buddhism in India. With Ayodhya as its capital, Kosala was bound by river Ganges in the south, river Gandak in the east, and the Himalaya mountains in the north. These clans of people are associated mahajanappadas the Gandharas and Daradas and find mention in many Indian texts, including the edicts of Ashoka the Great.

Originally a monarchical clan, the Panchals appear to have switched to republican corporation in the sixth and fifth century B.

The country was divided into Uttara-Panchala and Dakshina-Panchala. They are called Vasishthas Vasetthas in the Mahapparnibbana Suttanta. They do not give any connected history except in the case of Magadha.

The evidence in the Mahabharata and in Ptolemy ‘s Geography maajanapadas supports two Kamboja settlements. Gandhara was located on the grand northern high road Uttarapatha and was a center of international commercial activities.

According to ancient texts, Brihadratha was the earliest known ruler of Kahajanapadas. Iron Age β€” BC. The Mallas are frequently mentioned in Buddhist and Jain works.

The Sixteen Mahajanpadas – History Study Material & Notes

In the mediaeval period, the southern frontiers of Chedi extended to the banks of the river Narmada. It was a great center mahajanaadas trade and commerce and its merchants regularly sailed to distant Suvarnabhumi. Which Indian state is the largest producer of diamonds? Mahajamapadas was located on a southern high road, the Dakshinapatha. Raghuvansha-Ikshvakuvansha was the longest continuous dynasty; Lord Rama was a king in this dynasty. According to old authorities, Chedis lay near Mahamanapadas midway between the kingdom of Kurus and Vatsas.


This obviously refers to the Kasis, Kosalas, Kurus, Panchalas, Vatsyas and other neo-Vedic tribes of the east Panjab of whom nothing was ever heard except in the legend and poetry. According to ancient texts, a king named Sujata ruled over Matsya as well as Chedi, which later became a separate kingdom. According to Buddhist text Sumangavilasini II.

Several ancient texts speak highly of Kashi, mqhajanapadas was one of the most prosperous kingdoms during its heyday. Avanti was an important centre of Buddhism and some of the leading theras and theris were born and resided there.

On the ruins of his kingdom arose the republics of Licchhavis, Videhans and seven other small republics.

Mahajanapadas – Wikipedia

Other executives included a Mahabaladhrikrit equivalent to the minister of internal securitybinishchayamatya chief justiceand dandadhikrit other justices. In Buddha’s time, many of the Assakas were located on the banks of the river Godavari south of the Vindhya mountains. Very recently in June this year, India became the fourth largest country mahajanapqdas In Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastrathe Vrishnis are described as sangha or republic. The country of Assaka or the Ashmaka tribe was located in Dakshinapatha or southern India.